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Officially, the main aims of the Ministry are to represent Greece before other states and international organizations;[169] safeguard the interests of the Greek state and of its citizens abroad;[169] promote Greek culture;[169] foster closer relations with the Greek diaspora;[169] and encourage international cooperation. When military conflicts broke out between the Ottoman Empire and other states, Greeks usually took up arms against the Ottomans, with few exceptions. According to World Bank statistics for the year 2013, the economy of Greece is the 43rd largest by nominal gross domestic product at $242 billion[179] and 52nd largest by purchasing power parity (PPP) at $284 billion. Many of the educated elite saw this as a peasant dialect and were determined to restore the glories of Ancient Greek. Regarding the classical music, it was through the Ionian islands (which were under western rule and influence) that all the major advances of the western European classical music were introduced to mainland Greeks. The mountainous areas of Northwestern Greece (parts of Epirus, Central Greece, Thessaly, Western Macedonia) as well as in the mountainous central parts of Peloponnese – including parts of the regional units of Achaea, Arcadia and Laconia – feature an Alpine climate with heavy snowfalls. Iraklis have also seen significant success in European competitions, having been three times runners-up of the CEV Champions League. [203] In Greece's case, the high budget deficit (which, after several corrections and revisions, was revealed that it had been allowed to reach 10.2% and 15.1% of GDP in 2008 and 2009, respectively) was coupled with a high public debt to GDP ratio (relatively stable, at just over 100% until 2007 - as calculated after all corrections). During the Byzantine period, the theatrical art was heavily declined. Besides the 9 Euroleagues, Greek basketball teams (Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, Aris Thessaloniki, AEK Athens, P.A.O.K, Maroussi) have won 3 Triple Crowns, 5 Saporta Cups, 2 Korać Cups and 1 FIBA Europe Champions Cup. The power of the traditional Greek political parties, PASOK and New Democracy, declined from 43% to 13% and from 33% to 18%, respectively. Kirche der Heiligen Konstantin und Helena. Sport & Freizeit . Economic growth remained rapid before plateauing in 1972. Music played an important role in the education system during ancient times. [161][162][163][164][165] In November 2011, the two major parties joined the smaller Popular Orthodox Rally in a grand coalition, pledging their parliamentary support for a government of national unity headed by former European Central Bank vice-president Lucas Papademos. The first of these revolts began on 6 March 1821 in the Danubian Principalities under the leadership of Alexandros Ypsilantis, but it was soon put down by the Ottomans. [155] Statutes passed by the Parliament are promulgated by the President of the Republic. Notable festivals, beyond the religious fests, include Patras Carnival, Athens Festival and various local wine festivals. The Classical era also saw the dawn of drama. In the course of the concerted anti-guerrilla campaign, hundreds of villages were systematically torched and almost 1 million Greeks left homeless. Lack of political unity within Greece resulted in frequent conflict between Greek states. "The Modern Greek language in its relation to Ancient Greek", Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of the city, Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, Population exchange between Greece and Turkey, numerous atrocities, mass executions, and wholesale slaughter of civilians and destruction of towns and villages, improved when successive earthquakes hit both nations in 1999, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, Turkish challenges to Greek sovereignty rights, Organisation internationale de la francophonie, prefectures and prefecture-level administrations, United Nations World Tourism Organization, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum, Global Monitoring for Environment and Security, National Centre of Scientific Research "Demokritos", population transfer based on cultural and religious identity, International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, illegal immigrants trying to enter the EU, population exchange between Greece and Turkey, Assumption or Dormition of the Holy Virgin, "Religious Belief and National Belonging in Central and Eastern Europe", "Announcement of the results of the 2011 Population Census for the Resident Population", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: October 2020", "The Geopolitics of Greece: "One cannot afford anymore to manage the Greek crisis without due consideration of its geopolitical consequences, "The Geostrategic Value of Greece and Sweden in the Current Struggle between Russia and NATO", "The Geopolitical Importance of Greece through the Ages", "The Role of Greece in the Geostrategic Chessboard of Natural Gas", "Geopolitical Consequences Of 'Grexit' Would Be Huge", "Greece can still be a geopolitical asset for the EU", "Greece and NATO: a long lasting relationship", "A Skull Bone Discovered in Greece May Alter the Story of Human Prehistory - The bone, found in a cave, is the oldest modern human fossil ever discovered in Europe. The country almost immediately descended into a bloody civil war between communist forces and the anti-communist Greek government, which lasted until 1949 with the latter's victory. 07.11.2019 - Beste Reisezeit Griechenland ☀ So ist das Wetter auf Kreta, Rhodos & Co. Reisezeit Inseln & Festland Frühjahr, Sommer, Herbst Klimatabellen The country lies approximately between latitudes 34° and 42° N, and longitudes 19° and 30° E, with the extreme points being:[146]. [242], Twelve percent of Greece's electricity comes from hydroelectric power plants[243] and another 20% from natural gas. [153] It had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 6.6/10, ranking it 70th globally out of 172 countries.[154]. Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic. As a member of NATO, the Greek military participates in exercises and deployments under the auspices of the alliance, although its involvement in NATO missions is minimal. The Muslim minority in Thrace, which amounts to approximately 0.95% of the total population, consists of speakers of Turkish, Bulgarian (Pomaks)[308] and Romani. [196][197] Greece is the number-two foreign investor of capital in Albania, the number-three foreign investor in Bulgaria, at the top-three of foreign investors in Romania and Serbia and the most important trading partner and largest foreign investor of North Macedonia. [316] The majority of refugees and migrants use Greece as a transit country, while their intended destinations are northern European Nations such as Austria, Germany and Sweden. [82], In the 14th century, much of the Greek peninsula was lost by the Byzantine Empire at first to the Serbs and then to the Ottomans. Like the Sophists, he rejected entirely the physical speculations in which his predecessors had indulged, and made the thoughts and opinions of people his starting-point. Tourism has been a key element of the economic activity in the country and one of the country's most important sectors, contributing 20.6% of the gross domestic product as of 2018. [352] Greek cuisine incorporates fresh ingredients into a variety of local dishes such as moussaka, pastitsio, classic Greek salad, fasolada, spanakopita and souvlaki. by only about 6% (thanks, in part, to the 2012 debt restructuring);[204][238] however, during the same period, the critical debt-to-GDP ratio shot up from 127% to 179%[204] basically due to the severe GDP drop during the handling of the crisis. [229], Between 2009 and 2017 the Greek government debt rose from €300 bn to €318 bn, i.e. [citation needed] In a 2013 report, the IMF admitted that it had underestimated the effects of so extensive tax hikes and budget cuts on the country's GDP and issued an informal apology. While the new technique of polyphony was developing in the West, the Eastern Orthodox Church resisted any type of change. Athens is considered the birthplace of Western literature. The region is notable for the birth of the first School of modern Greek classical music (Heptanesean or Ionian School, Greek: Επτανησιακή Σχολή), established in 1815. Greece, or Hellas, is known all over the world for its history and the beauty of the Greek islands. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Alle Troja griechenland karte aufgelistet. The Greek people spoke a form of Greek called Demotic. 2. Username * Password * Remember Me Forgot your password? Τεχνικό Επιμελητήριο Ελλάδος, Αθήνα, 1976, σελ.158, Encyclopædia Britannica - "Greek literature: Byzantine literature". The Greek national basketball team has a decades-long tradition of excellence in the sport, being considered among the world's top basketball powers. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, which adopted the Greek language and culture. As a result, and despite certain attempts by certain Greek chanters (such as Manouel Gazis, Ioannis Plousiadinos or the Cypriot Ieronimos o Tragoudistis), Byzantine music was deprived of elements of which in the West encouraged an unimpeded development of art. The first European institution described as a university was founded in fifth-century Constantinople and continued operating in various incarnations until the city's fall to the Ottomans in 1453. [268] The United Nations International Telecommunication Union ranks Greece among the top 30 countries with a highly developed information and communications infrastructure. Katamaran Semi Submarine. (Ergebnis aus 22 Bewertungen) Bewertet von Gästen nach Ihrem Aufenthalt in der Unterkunft Sea Colours Parga. Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Ellada, [eˈlaða]), officially the Hellenic Republic[12][b] and also known as Hellas,[c] is a country located in Southeast Europe. The most salient feature of this new aesthetic was its "abstract", or anti-naturalistic character. Byzantine philosophy refers to the distinctive philosophical ideas of the philosophers and scholars of the Byzantine Empire, especially between the 8th and 15th centuries. Crete is the largest and most populous island; Euboea, separated from the mainland by the 60 m-wide Euripus Strait, is the second largest, followed by Lesbos and Rhodes. The country participates in the ESA's telecommunication and technology activities and the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Initiative. Of the non-citizen residents, 48,560 were EU or European Free Trade Association nationals and 17,426 were Cypriots with privileged status. In 2010, Greece was the European Union's largest producer of cotton (183,800 tons) and pistachios (8,000 tons)[240] and ranked second in the production of rice (229,500 tons)[240] and olives (147,500 tons),[241] third in the production of figs (11,000 tons),[241] almonds (44,000 tons),[241] tomatoes (1,400,000 tons),[241] and watermelons (578,400 tons)[241] and fourth in the production of tobacco (22,000 tons). [136] More recently, Greece has suffered greatly from the late-2000s recession and has been central to the related European sovereign debt crisis. [89], The Greek Orthodox Church and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople were considered by the Ottoman governments as the ruling authorities of the entire Orthodox Christian population of the Ottoman Empire, whether ethnically Greek or not. Meanwhile, the makeshift Greek navy was achieving success against the Ottoman navy in the Aegean Sea and prevented Ottoman reinforcements from arriving by sea. The brutal suppression of the Athens Polytechnic uprising on 17 November 1973 set in motion the events that caused the fall of the Papadopoulos regime, resulting in a counter-coup which overthrew Georgios Papadopoulos and established brigadier Dimitrios Ioannidis as the new junta strongman. Solar Energy / Wind Energy / Waste to Energy Tel.GR: (0030) 69 72 39 16 09 Tel. The dispute was finally resolved in 1976, when Dimotiki was made the only official variation of the Greek language, and Katharevousa fell to disuse. Just delightful - beautifully renovated with all the comforts of home. The country consists of nine traditional geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. Forgot your username? Western Greece contains a number of lakes and wetlands and is dominated by the Pindus mountain range. [25] Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC,[21] are the oldest in Europe by several centuries, as Greece lies on the route via which farming spread from the Near East to Europe. Corfu withstood three major sieges in 1537, 1571 and 1716 all of which resulted in the repulsion of the Ottomans. Greece has one of the highest rates of tertiary enrollment in the world,[274] while Greeks are well represented in academia worldwide; numerous leading Western universities employ a disproportionately high number of Greek faculty. [250], During the 1960s, the size of the Greek fleet nearly doubled, primarily through the investment undertaken by the shipping magnates, Aristotle Onassis and Stavros Niarchos. The city of Thessaloniki is also home of a number of festivals and events. According to the U.S. State Department, an estimated 97% of Greek citizens identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox, belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church,[287] which uses the Byzantine rite and the Greek language, the original language of the New Testament. To avert a sovereign default, Greece, the other Eurozone members, and the International Monetary Fund agreed on a rescue package which involved giving Greece an immediate €45 billion in loans, with additional funds to follow, totaling €110 billion. Grece Ancienne, Macedoine, Thrace. In 2005, Greece won with the song "My Number One", performed by Greek-Swedish singer Elena Paparizou. With state coffers empty, fiscal policy came under International Financial Control. Greek-speaking communities of the Hellenised East were instrumental in the spread of early Christianity in the 2nd and 3rd centuries,[59] and Christianity's early leaders and writers (notably St. Paul) were mostly Greek-speaking, though generally not from Greece itself. On average, girls outperformed boys by 15 points, much more than the average OECD gap of two points. The most important of all ancient Greek gods was Zeus, the king of the gods, who was married to his sister, Hera. 3. Karte griechenland - Der Vergleichssieger . [22][23][24] All three stages of the Stone Age (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic) are represented in Greece, for example in the Franchthi Cave. Directors and actors of this era were recognised as important figures in Greece and some gained international acclaim: George Tzavellas, Irene Papas, Melina Mercouri, Mihalis Kakogiannis, Alekos Sakellarios, Nikos Tsiforos, Iakovos Kambanelis, Katina Paxinou, Nikos Koundouros, Ellie Lambeti and others. [290] Protestants, including the Greek Evangelical Church and Free Evangelical Churches, stand at about 30,000. [99], By the end of the month, the Peloponnese was in open revolt against the Ottomans and by October 1821 the Greeks under Theodoros Kolokotronis had captured Tripolitsa. The most successful Greek teams are Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, Aris Thessaloniki, AEK Athens and P.A.O.K. Significal dramatists include Vitsentzos Kornaros and Georgios Chortatzis. Präfekturgrenzen entfernt. Of the hundreds of tragedies written and performed during the classical age, only a limited number of plays by three authors have survived: those of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. The six shipyards around the port of Piraeus are among the largest in Europe. 14 further sites are on the tentative list, awaiting nomination.[265]. [247], The shipping industry has been a key element of Greek economic activity since ancient times. In the ensuing Greco-Turkish War of 1897, the badly trained and equipped Greek army was defeated by the Ottomans. Nevertheless, the country maintains the highest doctor-to-population ratio of any OECD country[326] and the highest doctor-to-patient ratio in the EU. [50], Following the assassination of Phillip II, his son Alexander III ("The Great") assumed the leadership of the League of Corinth and launched an invasion of the Persian Empire with the combined forces of the League in 334 BC. Notable Greek opera singers and classical musicians of the 20th and 21st century include Maria Callas, Nana Mouskouri, Mario Frangoulis, Leonidas Kavakos, Dimitris Sgouros and others. It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF). Following news that combined Ottoman–Egyptian fleets were going to attack the Greek island of Hydra, the allied fleet intercepted the Ottoman–Egyptian fleet at Navarino. The Greek education system also provides special kindergartens, primary, and secondary schools for people with special needs or difficulties in learning. Παύλος Κυριαζής, «Σταμάτης Βούλγαρης. Voulgaris applied the orthogonal rule in the urban complex of Patras. By the time of his death in 323 BC, he had created one of the largest empires in history, stretching from Greece to India. For Athens, the first King of Greece, Otto of Greece, commissioned the architects Stamatios Kleanthis and Eduard Schaubert to design a modern city plan fit for the capital of a state. [91][page needed]. The surviving plays by Aristophanes are also a treasure trove of comic presentation, while Herodotus and Thucydides are two of the most influential historians in this period. 72053 Elounda Kreta Griechenland. Helped to Mask Debt Fueling Europe's Crisis", "Goldman Secret Greece Loan Shows Two Sinners as Client Unravels", "Did Goldman Sachs help Britain hide its debts too? For the first part of the next century, several Greek composers continued to borrow elements from the Heptanesean style. In 1827, Ioannis Kapodistrias, from Corfu, was chosen by the Third National Assembly at Troezen as the first governor of the First Hellenic Republic. Troja griechenland karte - Der Gewinner unserer Produkttester. 48", "The World Fact Book – Field Listing :: Coastline", "Statistical Yearbook of Greece 2009 & 2010", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", Government Gazette of the Hellenic Republic, "Lucas Papademos named as new Greek prime minister", "Turkey threatens Greece over disputed Mediterranean territorial claims", "EU and NATO Look on at Greece's Pampered Armed Forces", "Πίνακας 1: Προσωρινά αποτελέσματα του Μόνιμου Πληθυσμού της Ελλάδος", "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 29% to 611% of the EU average in 2016", "Gross domestic product at market prices (tec00001)", "Appendix B: International Organizations and Groups", "Table 1: Human Development Index and its components", "Gross Added Value by Industry (A17; Years 2000–2011)", "Youth unemployment rate in EU member states as of March 2018", "Albania Eyes New Markets as Greek Crisis Hits Home Businesses affected by the economic downturn in Greece are seeking new markets in the West, hoping that a cheap and qualified labour force will draw fresh clients", "Greece and the Balkans: From Stabilization to Growth", "The Greek and EU Crisis for non-economists", "2010-2018 Greek Debt Crisis and Greece's Past: Myths, Popular Notions and Implications", "Greece not alone in exploiting EU accounting flaws", "How Europe's governments have enronized their debts", "Italy faces restructured derivatives hit", "Rehn: No Other State Will Need a Bail-Out", "Greece Paid Goldman $300 Million To Help It Hide Its Ballooning Debts", "Global Business: Wall St.

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